Agrotourism Viganj

olive growing, enology and active vacation in Viganj

Peljesac peninsula

Pelješac peninsula is situated in southern Dalmatia, approximately 65 km long and covers 348 km2 area. Pelješac is rich with forests of black pine and Mediterranean plants, and a big part of the area is under the olive groves and vineyards, which delivers virgin olive oil and high-quality red wines. A large portion of the peninsula Pelješac is almost like one connected settlement at places interrupted by beaches and bays containing lush Mediterranean and subtropical vegetation. All this together with the sea and sun gives peninsula Pelješac the characteristics of a real Mediterranean heaven.

The whole peninsula Pelješac offers itself in its romantic beauty. The shore is dotted with bays, white pebbles, olive groves, century old cypress and cliff overgrown with sage. “Plavac Mali” vineyards are located along the entire peninsula Pelješac and are autochthonous sort of Dalmatian grape, vineyards along the slopes of Dingac and Postup produce some of the best red wine in Croatia.

Nowhere else like on peninsula Pelješac, as small area as it is, there are such vast activities and new challenges for food and wine lovers. The wine routes and winery tours on Pelješac represent the strong feeling of tradition and love for the grape and wine.

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Its architecture will show you traces of history left by a variety of cultures.

Around the 5th century BC an Illyrian tribe called “Plereians” lived on the peninsula. At that time Illyrians inhabited all the land between the bay of Kotor (in today’s Montenegro) and the Neretva River. Great number of Illyrian burial places, rocky mounds called “gomile” (Croatian for mounds or piles of rubble), tell us that the peninsula must have been quite densely populated by the Plereians in the pre-historic times. Despite the presence of Greeks in the immediate vicinity of Pelješac, their contacts and their influence on the Illyrians of Pelješac, appear to have been insignificant. It seems that Pelješac wasn’t interesting to the Greeks.

Towards the end of the 3rd century BC on the shores of ancient Illyricum arrive Romans, with their expansionistic intentions and with the excuse of protecting the Greeks and the maritime trade from the Illyrian piracy. The long resistance of the Illyrians was eventually broken in 35 AD, by barbaric massacre of adult Illyrian male captives, which was carried out by the troops of Ocatvian Augustus, on the islands of Mljet and Korčula. The Romans then sold the Illyrian women and took away their children as slaves. After this, all resistance on Pelješac was crushed and the peninsula eventually became a part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, and thus was incorporated into the Roman state.

In the 7th century BC, Slavs settled the eastern shores of the Adriatic. From that time on, until 1333 AD, the peninsula of Pelješac was a part of “Hum” (also called “Zahumlje”), an early Slavic territory. In 1333 AD, the Republic of Dubrovnik (initially a City-state) bought the peninsula from Serbian king Dušan and Bosnian ban Stjepan II Kotromanić. Having obtained Pelješac (or “Stonski Rat”, as the peninsula was called at that time), the government of Dubrovnik started undertaking a string of measures aimed at securing its governance of the newly acquired territory, protecting it from potential invaders and ensuring the liveliness of the local economy. One of those measures was the distribution of land to the new owners. Dubrovnik’s nobility wanted all of the land on the Peninsula, but the resistance of the traditional landowners, especially of the elders, forced them to accept certain compromises.

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